The 27-nation bloc says a solution to the trade dispute, the world’s most costly, must only come through negotiations. “I have always been saying we are ready to start unconditional discussions,” De Gucht said. “That remains so.”
The dual cases have become increasingly important as competitors from China, Canada and Brazil emerge, and the rulings may set industry-defining guidelines for government support in the $70 billion civil-aviation industry.
Judges originally found that Boeing got at least $5.3 billion in illegal aid between 1989 and 2006 and was slated to get $3 billion to $4 billion in incompatible future aid based on Washington state tax measures. Today’s appellate ruling means the harm caused by the subsidies may be found to exceed $5.3 billion, though the panel didn’t name a figure.
The EU has estimated the total amount of subsidies between 1989 and 2006 at $19.1 billion. The amount of harm is important because it is the basis on which a government can request permission to impose a specific level of sanctions.
The illegal aid includes NASA research and development programs for $2.6 billion between 1989 and 2006 and Department of Defense programs with aid as high as $1.2 billion in the same period. There were also three Washington state tax breaks valued at as much as $4 billion from 2006-2024 and foreign sales corporation export subsidies amounting to $2.2 billion until 2006, as well as $476 million in Kansas aid.